From 6th April to 5th April the following year. It’s also
sometimes known as the ‘tax year’
Your total earnings before any tax, National Insurance or
pension contributions are deducted. It’s also known as your
‘salary’ or ‘wages’.
The tax you pay on most types of income including your
income from work – whether you are employed by someone
else or self-employed.
National Insurance contributions (NIC)
Payments that you and your employer make through your
working life that provide you with certain state benefits,
including your state pension.
The amount of money you take home after income tax,
National Insurance contributions, pension contributions and
student loan repayments have been deducted. It’s often
called your ‘take-home’ pay.
These are deductions from your gross pay into your
personal pension – this is different to your state pension.
The amount of income you can have each year before you
pay income tax.
Student loan repayments
Student loans are taken out to fund tuition fees and other
costs of further education. The loans are repaid by a
deduction from your gross pay.
This shows you what personal allowance you are allowed
and what rate of income tax will be deducted from your
It is sometimes known as the ‘PAYE code’.